Lighting is the deliberate use of light to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect. It includes the use of artificial light sources and natural illumination by capturing daylight. Artificial light sources include lamps, light fixtures, and many others. Without proper lighting in a room, even the most stylish space will not be truly complete. Every room needs a combination of general lighting, task lighting and accent lighting to set a mood and provide sufficient illumination.
General lighting: This is also known as ambient lighting and it provides an area with overall illumination. It radiates a comfortable level of brightness without glare and allows you to see and walk about safely. Ambient lighting can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall-mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights and lanterns mounted on the outside of the home. Every room in a building should have a central source of ambient light.
Task lighting: This helps you perform specific tasks such as reading, grooming, preparing and cooking food, doing homework, playing games, and many other tasks. Task lighting can be provided by recessed or track lighting, pendant lighting and under cabinet lighting. Desk lamps are also a source of task lighting. Task lighting should be free of distracting glare and shadow and it should be bright enough to prevent eye strain.
Accent lighting: This adds drama to a room by creating visual interest. It is usually part of an interior design scheme. Accent lighting is used to draw the eye to houseplants, paintings, sculptures and other décor item. It can also be used to highlight the texture of a brick or stone wall, window treatment, etc. To use the accent lighting effectively, make sure that they have at least three times as much light on the focal point as the general lighting surrounding them. Accent lighting is usually provided by recessed and track lighting or wall-mounted picture lights.
These are small lamps designed to stand on a table. They can be used in the living room, bedroom, hallway and in any room of a home or office. They are usually a source of task lighting as they shed light on task-driven activities. They can also be used as a decorative home or office accessory.
These are standard lamps which are placed on the floor. Floor lamps are usually tall lamps. A well-placed floor lamp can make a huge impact on the ambience of a room. These tall lights can illuminate dark corners and warm up the overall tone of a room. They can also make great task lights and they add visual interest and layers to a room. Just like the table lamps, they accessorize spaces with interesting shapes and colours.
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